Fr. Kramer: Benedict XVI "Resignation" Is Invalid
Canon Law professor Stefano Violi - " According to Professor Violi:
Benedict XVI divested himself of all the power of government and command inherent in his office, without however, abandoning his service to the Church: this continues through the exercise of the spiritual dimension of the pontifical munus entrusted to him. This he did not intend renouncing. He renounced not his duties, which are, irrevocable, but the concrete execution of them."
Thus, Fr. Violi comments on Benedict XVI's clearly expressed intention.
But was it valid?
That’s the unavoidable question that must be answered.
If it wasn’t – if Benedict’s intent rendered the act of resigning invalid – this would mean that Antonio Socci had it right, Non È Francesco; i.e., the blaspheming heretic from Argentina that wants us to believe that adultery is no longer necessarily a mortal sin isn’t the pope.
No! It was not valid, because the office and its munus are INDIVISIBLE. The charisms of office can only reside in one man at a time, as Domenico Gravina OP, the most prestigious theologian of 17th Century Italy explained ca. 1610. This has been the unanimous belief in the Church for many centuries. The indivisibility of the petrine office pertains essentially to the divine constitution of the Church. Ergo: Benedict's intention to partially renounce the petrine munus was DEFECTIVE. The act was therefore invalid due to 'defect of intention'. Bergoglio is no pope, but is an ANTIPOPE.